Neurological physiotherapy involves the treatment of people with movement and function disorders that have originated from problems within the body’s nervous and neuromuscular system.
These conditions often manifest themselves as muscle weakness, poor balance and coordination, uncontrolled muscle spasm and tremors, loss of function and decreased sensation. Common neurological conditions include:
- Functional Neurological Disorders
- Stroke, CVA or TIA
- Spinal cord and traumatic brain injuries
- Multiple sclerosis
- Parkinson’s disease
This definition of physiotherapy is distinct from post-operative spinal and neurological physiotherapy as previously discussed (see post-operative rehabilitation).
In Hospital Physiotherapy
Acute neurological conditions, such as a stroke, spinal injury or traumatic brain injury, often present to hospital for immediate treatment. Depending on your symptoms and condition, your doctor may request physiotherapy treatment while you are in hospital. Your Physiotherapist will undertake a comprehensive assessment of your strength, coordination and balance and will then tailor a treatment program to your unique needs. Depending on the impairment, your physiotherapy treatment may include:
- Passive Limb Exercises: if you are unable to move your arms and legs yourself
- Positioning / Splinting: correct limb positioning, or splint prescription, to ensure that your joints don’t tighten
- Bed Exercises: to stretch and strengthen your muscles
- Breathing and Circulation Exercises: to prevent respiratory and vascular complications such as chest infection and DVTs
- Mobilisation: assistance to move safely in bed, sit up, stand and walk
- Mobility Aids: prescription, advice and instruction on how to safely use a walking frame, or other walking aids as required
- Discharge Planning: information regarding any necessary equipment that you may require at home after discharge
- Tailored Exercise: exercises to build strength, endurance, coordination and balance
Following your discharge from hospital, you can visit an Active Rehabilitation clinic where a Physiotherapist will continue to support your rehabilitation. Neurological physiotherapy treatment may include hands-on therapies, specific exercise prescription and a home exercise program. Some people with neurological conditions require additional support, high levels of care and specialised equipment – your Physiotherapist can guide you and your family to the most appropriate services and organisations, so that you can receive the support you need. Please contact Active Rehabilitation for more information regarding our neurological physiotherapy consultations.